Helmholtz Resonance
Resonances that occur when air or other fluids are excited and form standing waves within a fixed volume. The traditional examples of Helmholtz resonance are organ pipes and "blowing over the top of a bottle." As can be imagined, Helmholtz resonance produces extremely detrimental frequency response problems. When designing ports for vented enclosure, helmholtz resonance must be considered in situations where port length is much greater than port diameter. Helmholtz resonance can also be found in long, narrow enclosures of any shape.
Imaging: The sensation, provided by a well-designed, high-quality audio system, that the performers on the recording are actually performing in real space in front of the listeners.